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Different Processes Used In Carpet Cleaning

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Different Methods of Carpet Cleaning

There are many different techniques of carpet cleaning; some have been around for years and others have been developed more recently. Two of the most common are steam cleaning (hot water extraction) and dry chemical cleaning (low moisture cleaning). Both have advantages and disadvantages.

Hot Water Extraction (Steam Cleaning)

This is an enormously popular method used in carpet cleaning. It is also recommended by many in the carpet cleaning industry. It offers a really good deep clean. Although it is commonly known as steam cleaning, this is actually a misnomer. Steam is not actually used in the cleaning process. It would in fact damage the carpet!

Heated water (not steam) is sprayed onto the carpet which dislodges dirt and dust. Sometimes chemicals are added to the water to make the process even more effective. The water is vacuumed along with the dirt and loose particles.

The main advantage with this method is that it does not leave much in the way of residue in the carpet. In fact it doesn’t leave anything if hot water alone is used! This is particularly advantageous for families with kids who may be playing on the carpet not long after the cleaning process has taken place. The breathing in of strong chemicals is not considered to be a problem with the hot extraction cleaning method. The main disadvantage with this method is that not all of the water can be removed. If poor water extraction occurs this can be problematical and result in the growth of mold and so on.

It is said that hot water extraction is a great way to clean carpets as it not only removes dirt, but also bacteria, funghi and tobacco residue.

Dry Cleaning

Dry cleaning systems are actually known as very low moisture systems. They are also quicker and less labour intensive. Pre-treatments which break down dirt are sprayed on to the carpets; brushing is then used to ensure that the pre-treatment is worked into the carpet.

Encapsulation uses fairly new technology to clean carpets. This process crystallises soil particles into dry residues. The crystals dissolve and the dirt is absorbed. The carpet ois then vacuumed. No water is used, so there is no drying time. This is the main advantage with this method – the carpet can be used pretty much straight away.

Bonnet (absorbent pad) is another method of dry carpet cleaning. This method can be likened to using a large towel which rubs dirt out of the carpet. There is no rinsing or flushing involved.

Andrews Carpet Cleaning is a company in Southport that specialises in carpet cleaning and upholstery cleaning. They are experienced and offer a professional service.

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The Various Different Dry Cleaning Methods Used In Carpet Cleaning

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There are many different methods used when it comes to carpet cleaning. At times it can be hard to decide which method is best; it really comes down to which is best suited for the particular job in hand. In this article we will look at some of the dry cleaning methods.

The term dry cleaning is actually a misnomer – it should perhaps be called ‘low moisture carpet cleaning’. It is known as dry because the carpet can be brought back into use very soon after cleaning.

Absorbent Powder / Dry Extraction Cleaning

This method uses an absorbent substance such as sponges or powder which have been impregnated with water, solvent and detergent (small amounts). The soil is absorbed (once loosened) and held there until it is removed by vacuuming. This method enables the carpet to be used pretty much straight away; however, it is not great for heavily soiled carpets.

Bonnet Pad Cleaning

In this method a cleaning solution is sprayed over the surface of the carpet. The bonnets (absorbent pads) are then used to buff the carpet. These are attached to a mechanism and absorb the soil in the carpet. Big areas can be cleaned swiftly using this method. However, as with the absorbent powder / dry extraction method it is not particularly good for very dirty areas as the cleaning does not involve any rinsing action.

Rotary Shampoo

This is a traditional carpet cleaning method which makes use of a rotary floor machine. The machine is fitted with a solution tank and a shower feed brush. A shampoo solution is fed through the brush; at the same time the carpet is scrubbed. This is followed with a thorough vacuuming in order to remove any loose soil. This method provides a very good deep clean and is also fairly economical. Unfortunately, pile distortion can be a problem as a result of all the scrubbing.


Encapsulation is a fairly new method of carpet cleaning. It utilises a cleaning agent as well as a crystallising agent. The cleaning agent suspends the dirt which is then encapsulated by the crystallising agent, and in turn forms a crystal. This can then be vacuumed away. This method has the advantage that it does not leave behind much residue. However, it does not work well on carpets that have a lot of grease on them.

Before the cleaning is carried out a thorough inspection should take place in order to ascertain which method should be used. Regardless of the method, the carpet should be vacuumed thoroughly before any work is carried out. It is a recognised fact that a huge amount of dirt can be removed by vacuuming alone!

Andrews Carpet Cleaning offer carpet cleaning services in Southport.

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